Means by which Sins may be Forgiven




Shaykhul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah clarified reasons for which Allah pardons His believing servants, saying:

“When a believer commits a sin, he may be forgiven through ten means:

1⃣- Tawbah (repentance)

2⃣- Making Istighfar (seeking forgiveness from Allah)

3⃣- Performing good deeds that expiate bad ones.

4⃣- The Du`a’ (supplication) of a fellow believer on their behalf

5⃣- Being gifted rewards by a fellow believer for some of their deeds such that Allah forgives them by way of this.

6⃣- The Shafa`ah of our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) for a person

7⃣- Being afflicted with some calamities that expiate their sins.

8⃣- As-Sa`qah (blast) during Barzakh (period between death and the Resurrection), such that their sins are expiated.

9⃣- Being trialled by some of the terrors of the Day of Resurrection, such that they are forgiven.

🔟- Being granted Mercy by the Most Merciful.

Whoever is not entitled to receive any one of these means for forgiveness should blame no one but himself.”

📚 Source: Majmu` Al-Fatawa vol. 10 p. 45


📝 Summarised by:
Abu Ishaq Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Al-Barawi